Nada Pop-JordanovaMacedonia, Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts, EU
Title : How the brain creates the mind
The main question in neuroscience is how the material tissue (brain) is producing the non-material phenomena (mind; thought, memory, emotions…). Recent advancements in the brain sciences have enabled researchers to determine locations and patterns of neural activation associated with various psychological functions. Still, the mind-brain puzzle is complex and not yet elucidate.
The typical philosopher’s approach to mental-neural puzzle is that due to “category error” the methods of science cannot account for conscious experience because they are “simply the wrong sport of methods”. On the other side, the position of neuroscientists on this problem varies from the realistic statements based on knowledge in physics and biology of the brain, to the denying statements draining conscious experiences of meaning.
However, some fundamental and practical aspects in this interaction are considered through the study of arousal and attention.
This presentation proposes a theoretical approach to explain the characteristic empirical interdependence between the states of arousal (representing the level of consciousness) and EEG activity.
The fundamental relevance of EEG spectra for mental activation (both general and focused) can be related to the interaction of electric field with neuronal quantum dipoles.
The obtained analytical expressions and numerical values based on quantum transition probabilities correspond to classical empirical results for arousal and attention, including the characteristic frequency dependence and intervals. There is a substantial distinction between the coarse-grained arousal (as background state of consciousness) and the fine-grained content of consciousness, whereby attention appears to be a bridge.
Consequently, we introduced mathematical formula to calculate field-dipole interactions, which corresponds to clinical states and can be considered as an integral brain state attribute, correlated to its electric, mental and metabolic activity.
However, deeper understanding of substrates and emergence of arousal, attention and consciousness must take into account the subtle interplay of neurophysical, neurochemical and neurobiological correlates.
Acad. Pop Jordanova graduated medicine on the Medical Faculty as well as psychology at the Faculty of Philosophy in Skopje. Her interest in psychological medicine and Psychosomatics motivated her to upgrade and improve in this particular area and she established the Department of Psychophysiology at the Pediatric University Clinic in Skopje. Working and publishing scientific and research papers in the field of mental health and psychophysiology she has become internationally recognizable name which is indicated by her selection as a regular member of the International College of Psychosomatic Medicine, European Association for Research in Adolescence, Swiss Society for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, International Organization of Psychophysiology, International Society for Neuronal Regulation, Society for Applied Neuroscience, Society for Self-regulation and Biofeedback. In 1996 for the first time in Macedonia and in the wider region she has introduced computerized biofeedback method in the assessment as well as in the therapy of various psycho physiological disorders. She is a member of these foreign Academies: New York Academy of Sciences, USA (1997), the World Academy of Art and Science, USA (2006) and the European Academy of Sciences and Arts, Salzburg, Austria (2012). As a full member of the Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts she was elected on 4th of June 2012. She published 20 books and over 500 articles.