Nelly Gromiria Lagos San Martín

Chile, Universidad del Bío-Bío,
Title : Behavior of child anxiety over time. A preliminary study


School anxiety can be defined as a set of responses that are emitted from three response systems (cognitive, psychophysiological and motor) to different school situations associated with failure, evaluation -school and social- and to school aggression. On the other hand, anxiety responses appear sporadically or in a stable manner over time. The objective of this study was to determine how the anxiety response is presented in Chilean primary school children in a period of three consecutive years. To do this, the anxiety response of 247 children was evaluated at three corresponding moments in the middle of each year. The instrument used for this was the School Anxiety Inventory for primary education (IAEP) which measures the cognitive, psychophysiological and motor anxiety response. Repeated measures analyzes of variance were performed to determine temporal stability. The results indicate that school anxiety in these children was maintained over the three-year period, supporting the possibility that it is presented as a trait of the students, rather than a state that responds to specific events in the environment. 


Nelly Gromiria Lagos San Martín Professor of Basic Education, Master of Education and Doctor with Extraordinary Doctorate Award. Currently, Associate Academic at the Universidad del Bío-Bío, Chile, teaching undergraduate, master's and doctorate degrees. Scope of specialization in school anxiety and its relationship with other psychoeducational variables.