Tatiana Martsinkovskaya

Russia, Russian state university for Humanitarians (RGGU-RSUH),
Title : The first and second waves of Covid-19 in the context of crisis and fluid transitivity

Abstract

In the process of theoretical and empirical research, two types of transitivity were identified and described - crisis and fluid. In crisis transitivity, sharp changes occur in both the socio-cultural situation and the emotional state of people. With fluid transitivity, changes occur gradually, but the uncertainty of the situation is constantly increasing, so the assessment of the situation and attitudes towards changes go slowly but inevitably. Depending on the personal characteristics, transitivity psychologically manifests itself in either getting used to the situation with the ability to continue active life, or in depression. Personal characteristics were identified that positively correlate with coping with fluid transitivity - these are tolerance to uncertainty, openness and, less pronounced, conscientiousness. Negative correlations were obtained with such traits as extraversion and emotionality. We assumed that the psychological phenomenology of the first and second waves of quarantine is similar to the phenomenology of crisis (first wave) and fluid (second wave) transitivity. In both cases, there is either a sharp and radical changes in the whole situation and a restructuring of the living space, or a replication of an already familiar scenario, which can continue with some variations for an indefinitely long time. Based on this, we repeat our diagnostic and ad the attitude to activities in a distant format - Zoom, Skype. The results showed almost complete coincidence of the data obtained in a situation of crisis and the first wave of quarantine, but data of fluid transitivity and second wave differed significantly. Analysis of the results showed that the inclusion of virtual space blurred the picture. The more people get used to the distribution of time in both spaces, the less pronounced the relationship between depression and personal qualities. It does not depend on age, but only on openness and the tolerance to online format

Biography

Tatiana Martsinkovskaya has completed her PhD in 1990 at Moscow State University, and 5 years later, in 1995 became professor of psychology, also at Moscow State University. Till 2016 year worked at Psychological institute as the director of department. Now is the director of Institute of Psychology, Russian state university for Humanitarians (RGGU-RSUH). She has over 300 publications that have been cited over 3700 times and her publication H-index is 27. She has several grants and is the editor-in-chief in two journals as well as the member of editorial board of reputed journals