Maha Meshari Al-SejariCollege of Basic Education, Kuwait
Title: Depression, Anxiety, and Stress during COVID-19 pandemic among females who live in Kuwait
The COVID-19 pandemic affected individuals’ lives directly or indirectly. Many people all around the world have suffered from losing their loved ones, their jobs, or their homes. In addition, people’s lives changed after the pandemic because of restrictions that many countries have applied to social interactions and daily life, which have affected individuals’ lives negatively. These negative effects of the pandemic also create negative emotions among individuals, such as depression, stress, anxiety, loneliness, anger, and sadness. Health regulations to constrain the progress of the pandemic such as lockdowns, curfews, and quarantines made radical alterations in every aspect of individuals’ lives, causing significant impact on their mental health and well-being. The current study aimed to examine whether there are significant differences in participants’ sociodemographic variables in reported cases of depression, anxiety, and stress among women who lived in Kuwait during the curfew and lockdown caused by COVID-19 pandemic. This study used a cross-sectional method. A nonrandom sample of 596 female participants was recruited. The findings revealed that Kuwaiti women who were young, widowed, have a master’s or PhD degree, and consider themselves as businesspeople have higher levels of depression than the other participants in the study. Other findings showed that Kuwaiti women who were 50 and above, married, have a master’s or PhD degree, and consider themselves as businesspersons or retired have higher levels of anxiety. In addition, Kuwaiti women who were 50 and above, widowed, have a master’s or PhD degree, and consider themselves as businesspersons have higher levels of stress than other participants in the study. High rates of reported depression and anxiety were detected significantly among Kuwaiti women. The findings of this study reveal the significant impact of an uncomfortable and distressful environment during the COVID-19 pandemic, which may negatively affected individuals’ mental health and generated diverse forms of psychosocial illness.
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