Susana PrapunotoSatya Wacana Christian University, Indonesia
Title: The experience of wambonese women’s hardiness during childbirth and the postpartum period in exile
The Wambon people of Boven Digoel Regency, Papua, believe that menstrual blood, childbirth, and postpartum will impact the loss of male magic and even bring suffering from certain diseases and even death. This condition makes Wambon women who give birth, and postpartum have to be isolated away from community life, inter forest or live on the tree. The experience of giving birth and postpartum independently in traditional and dangerous ways in exile is part of customs and, cultural appreciation, local wisdom. This article aims to find positive experiences and values that shape the hardiness of Wambon women. The study was conducted using an interpretative phenomenological analysis and an indigenous psychology approach. The unit of observation and analysis was one primiparous woman, one multiparous woman, and two grand multiparous women. Semi- structured in-depth interviews, observations, and live- ins were conducted to analyze the context and content of phenomenal psychological experience. The study results have revealed that although the subjects experienced psychological distress and depression in trying to give birth, they considered the experience of isolation positively. Spiritual and religious coping is a step to experience spiritual well-being and make them tough in living the tradition. Spiritual values and local culture that were passed down from generation to generation were found to contribute to overcoming the psychological burden when undergoing exile so that a firm attitude was formed.
Susana Prapunoto, MA-Psy is a Lecturer and Head of Psychology Graduate Programme - Faculty of Psychology – Satya Wacana Christian University. She is a Vice Chairman of Christian Psychology Association – HIMPSI (Indonesian Psychological Association). Much of her work has been improving human resources development strategies and system also supervisor in Ministry of Education of Republic Indonesia. Her research is situated in the field of Human Resources Development, Indigenous Psychology and Collaboration Technology as media support. She teach Behavior Modification, Human Resources Development, Human Technology Interaction, Personality Psychology. She holds 27 intellectual property rights deriving from her research.