Mental health, both emotional and psychological, refers to your well-being. Having good mental health lets you lead a life that is healthy and fairly happy. In the face of life, it encourages you to demonstrate courage and the ability to cope with challenges.
 
A very important factor in the daily life of an individual is mental health and stability. At an early age, the human brain develops many abilities, including social abilities, behavioral abilities, and one's own way of thinking. Learning how to communicate with others and how to concentrate on certain topics are important lessons to learn at a young age.
 

Women are more affected by depression, anxiety, psychological distress, sexual abuse, domestic violence and growing rates of drug use than men in various countries and different environments. Depressive disorders account for close to 41.9 percent of the disability from neuropsychiatric disorders among women compared to 29.3 percent among men.
 
Unipolar disorder is twice as prevalent in women and is expected to be the second leading cause of the global burden of disability by 2020.
 

The science of the mind and action is psychology. The study of conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as emotions and thoughts, involves psychology. Psychologists aim to understand the evolving properties of the brain and all the range of phenomena associated with these emerging properties, joining the larger study community of neuroscientists in this way.
 
In individual and social behavior, psychologists strive to explain the role of mental functions while also investigating the physiological and biological mechanisms that underlie cognitive functions and behaviors.
 

Autism, also known as autism spectrum disorder (ASD), is a complex disease that involves communication and behavior problems. A wide variety of signs and abilities may be involved. People with autism have communication problems. They have difficulty knowing what other individuals think and feel.
 
People with autism may have learning difficulties. Their abilities may grow unevenly. They may have difficulty talking, for instance, but they may be unusually good at art, music, math, or memory.
 

At one time or another, everyone feels tension and anxiety. The distinction between them is that, in a situation, stress is a reaction to a threat. Anxiety is a response to the tension that is involved. Extreme yet treatable disorders are depression and anxiety. To relieve the symptoms of each disorder, the same medications can be used. The two also share common symptoms, such as nervousness, irritability, insomnia, concentration problems, but each has its own causes.
 

On the other hand, "Psychotherapy" is typically a longer-term approach that focuses more on recognizing chronic physical and emotional issues. Its emphasis is on the thinking patterns of the person, and how they can be affected by past experiences to trigger problems in the present.
Counseling psychology is a specialty in clinical psychology for general practice and health care professionals. It reflects on how individuals work both individually and at all ages in their relationships.
 

Bullying is described by the Centers for Disease Control as a type of "youth violence" against a victim involving unwanted offensive actions from a bully. At the root of bullying is a power imbalance of social status, income, physical strength or size, whether perceived or real. Bullying, resulting in physical, psychological, social or educational damage, may be replicated over periods of time.
 
In appearance, sexual orientation, cultural identity or disability, children and adolescents at greater risk of being bullied are often thought of as different.
 

Self-harm has been described as "a concern to hurt oneself intentionally without conscious suicidal intent, often resulting in body tissue damage". Attempts at self-harm and suicide may also appear quite similar. This can also lead to unreliable treatment evaluations.
 
Typically, non-suicidal self-injury is seen as a coping mechanism for life protection and change, not destroying one's life. However, since both self-injury and suicide suggest underlying depression, it is crucial to determine whether self-injurious people are often suicidal and provide individuals in both of these groups with the appropriate care.
 

Bipolar disorder is a mental condition that brings extreme high and low moods and changes in sleep, energy, thought, and behavior, also known as bipolar depression. People with bipolar disorder can have phases in which they feel excessively optimistic and energized and feel really depressed, helpless, and slow in other periods. They typically feel normal in between those times. The term "manic" describes the times when someone feels too excited and optimistic with bipolar disorder.
 


Schizophrenia is a significant psychiatric illness in which individuals abnormally perceive reality. Any combination of hallucinations, delusions, and highly disordered thought and actions can result in schizophrenia, which impairs daily functioning and can be disabling. Schizophrenia entails a number of problems with thinking (cognition), behavior and emotions. Signs and symptoms can differ, but they typically include delusions, hallucinations or disorganized speech, and indicate the ability to work impaired.
 
The precise cause of schizophrenia is not understood, but it is possible to play a part in a mixture of biology, climate and altered brain chemistry and structure.
 

The field of medicine dealing with the study and treatment of nervous system disorders is neurology. A dynamic, sophisticated mechanism that controls and coordinates the functions of the body is the nervous system. The central nervous system has two main divisions: the cortex and the spinal cord.
 
Any disease of the nervous system is a neurological disorder. A number of symptoms may result from structural, biochemical or electrical defects in the brain, spinal cord or other nerves. Paralysis, muscle weakness, impaired balance, loss of feeling, epilepsy, confusion, pain and altered states of consciousness are all examples of symptoms.
 
.
In terms of damage to oneself and others, addiction is a biopsychosocial condition marked by repeated use of medication or repetitive involvement in activities such as gambling. According to the addiction model of brain disease, while a variety of psychosocial factors contribute to the development and maintenance of addiction, the central pathology that causes the development and maintenance of an addiction is a biological process that is caused by prolonged exposure to an addictive stimulus.
 
Addiction takes an "astoundingly high financial and human toll" on people and society as a whole. The overall economic burden to society in the United States is higher than that of all forms of diabetes and all cancers combined.
 

Obesity is a multifactorial, chronic disorder associated with severe mortality and morbidity. It affects each part of the life of the patient. The eating disorders that are related to obesity are discussed in this study. In obese patients, binge eating disorder is more generally seen, but bulimia nervosa/disordered-eating habits have been included in the study because they can also be related to obesity.
 

A division of psychiatry that focuses on the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of mental illnesses in infants, teenagers, and their families is child and adolescent psychiatry (or pediatric psychiatry). It discusses the biopsychosocial factors that affect the development and course of these psychiatric conditions and the reactions to care to different treatments.
Adolescence is a critical time for the formation and maintenance of essential social and emotional patterns for mental well-being. These include healthy sleep patterns; daily exercise; coping, problem-solving, and interpersonal skills development; and emotion-management learning.
 

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a mental disorder in which a person frequently has certain thoughts (called "obsessions") or feels the need to repeatedly perform certain routines (called "compulsions") to a degree that induces anxiety or impairs general functioning.
 
For more than a short period of time, the person is unable to regulate either ideas or activities. Popular compulsions include hand washing, stuff counting, and verifying if a door is locked. These practices take place to such an extent that the everyday life of the person is adversely affected, sometimes taking up more than an hour a day.
 

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a state of mental wellbeing that is caused by a frightening occurrence, either experiencing it or watching it. Flashbacks and extreme anxiety, as well as uncontrollable thoughts about the incident, can be signs.
 
Symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder may begin within one month of a traumatic incident, but symptoms may not occur until years after the event, often. In social or employment conditions and in marriages, these signs trigger important problems. They can also interfere with your ability to perform your everyday tasks normally.
 

Personality disorders are a category of mental health problems that are characterized by thought, feeling, and action patterns that are inflexible and unhealthy. Such inner experiences and attitudes often vary from the values of the society in which someone lives.
 
People with personality problems typically have a tough time getting along with others and coping with daily issues in the manner that a cultural community expects. They generally think that their way of thinking and acting is entirely natural. Nevertheless, they seem to have a world view that is very distinct from most.
 

Child abuse is when a parent or caregiver causes injury, death, emotional damage or a risk of serious harm to a child, whether by action or failure to act. Child maltreatment has many forms, including neglect, physical abuse, sexual abuse, coercion and emotional abuse.
 
A study on global child violence by the World Health Organization noted that schools have been closed to 1.5 billion children worldwide due to the pandemic, and their parents face increased stress and anxiety from lost income, social isolation, and possible home crowding. In addition, more time online will expose kids to an increased risk of sexual harassment or bullying online.