Valentine Ayo MebuDepartment of Psychology, Nigeria
Title: Effects of Psycho-educational intervention on Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms among Secondary School Students Exposed To Conflict In Kano Metropolis, Nigeria
The study examined the efficacy of a brief intervention programme in the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms exhibited by secondary school students exposed to conflict in Kano metropolis. The study tested three hypotheses that there are no significant difference between post-test re-experiencing, hyper-arousal and avoidance mean scores of students exposed to the intervention and those who were not exposed to the intervention. The design of the study was an experimental design specifically the pre-test and post-test control group design. The purposive sampling technique was used to select 60 research participants (male=30, female=30, Mean Age=15.50) for the study. These participants met the DSM-V criteria of PTSD symptoms and were randomly assigned to experimental and control group respectively. Instrument for data collection was the University of California Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Reaction Index (UCLA PTSD Index). Findings from the study indicated that there was a significant effect of the intervention on post re-experiencing symptoms scores [ F (1, 57) = 85.97, p=.00, partial eta squared ?2 =.60], hyper-arousal symptoms scores[ F (1, 57) = 27.81, p=.00, partial eta squared ?2 =.33], and avoidance symptoms scores [ F (1, 57) = 59.56, p=.00, partial eta squared ?2 =.51]. The efficacy of this brief psycho-educational intervention as an effective treatment in reducing PTSD symptoms among secondary school students exposed to conflict is supported by the results of this study and this will also add to the existing literature on the effectiveness of psycho-educational intervention in treating PTSD symptoms among students exposed to conflict.
Keywords: Psycho-education, post-traumatic stress disorder, re-experiencing symptoms, hyper-arousal symptoms, avoidance symptoms.
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